Buddha Constantine the Great. Yes, I'm fucking serious. The Romans were, oh how do I put this politely... assholes in the first degree. They didn't have a great scientific tradition to speak of, their education system was atrocious, and they wanted everyone else to be like them. Constantine's spreading of Christianity created conditions where Romans couldn't tolerate differing beliefs, causing the empire to fracture and allowing civilizations like the Arabians and Central Asians to start the scientific development that eventually snowballed into what we call the Enlightenment.
I figure he might have just been taking advantage of the situation to consolidate his power by appealing to what was at the time a popular movement.
Who knows, he may not have believed in any of it, his ends being entirely manipulative. Devising the rules of the cosmos to suit your personal interests would have been a fantastic way to control a population.
The Bible is so horribly written, spliced together haphazardly they must have been in a terrible hurry. This doesn't matter if you claim the author is divine, however.
We see this theme many times in history, Mesoamerica, Egypt, everywhere.