> By the end of the 19th century, it appeared to nearly everyone that Classical Mechanics was absolutely true.
Not true. There was evidence even then that classical mechanics was incomplete. The planet Mercury orbits so close to the sun that the space it travels through is warped by the sun's gravitational field. It was known that the orbit of Mercury deviated slightly from that predicted by classical mechanics. So they at least had an inkling that there was more going on.
Today, the media are at least partly responsible. Everyone wants certainty. Remember the lines from the song:
When I was a boy, world was better spot.
What was so, was so; what was not, was not.
Now I am a man; world have changed a lot.
Some things nearly so; others nearly not.
The media seek out quotes that represent certainty, because it sells commercial time. And sometimes, scientists over-sell their conclusions, in hopes of fame and fortune. Scientists are, after all, people.
> What is worthy of serious attention is that the universe greatly exceeds human comprehension. The elegance and mathematical beauty of the laws that govern it virtually shout "intelligence!" at everyone who thinks about it. The most reasonable and responsible conclusion to draw is that the universe was created by that supreme intelligence. It's a fairly short step from there to the inference that God cares about the universe and the rational beings who inhabit it.
That is a totally unwarranted conclusion. Just because there are things that we can't comprehend at the moment doesn't imply an intelligent creator. Just a century ago, we had no idea what made the sun shine. That didn't mean a god did it. Through the process of science, that assumes materialism, we have learned not only what makes the sun shine, but we can duplicate it. The fact that some suns explode, taking their planets and all life thereon with them, indicates that either the universe wasn't designed, or it was incredibly badly designed.
Think about it. If your god really cared about people, why would he make tidal waves that kill hundreds of thousands, including women, children, and babies? Why would horrible diseases ravage the population? Why would some starve while others feast? If I were God, I would fix that. I seem to be more caring than your god.