Author Topic: Islam is indirectly part of the development of Western civilization ....  (Read 258 times)

Offline Baruch

In S Italy, and in Spain, the Islamic conquest, though eventually pushed back, changed what the West would have been otherwise.  Muslims were the outside modifier to Europe.  Jews were in contrast, the inside modifier to Europe.  This starts with the conquest of the Middle East by Islam, before they go to S Italy and Spain ...

You are not allowed to view links. Register or Login

This conventional narration is wrong about the actual first 100 years of Islam, as the qibla analysis has shown, that Mecca then wasn't Mecca now, and that the mythical and legendary aspects of Muhammad and the first Caliphs can't be ignored.
« Last Edit: May 12, 2019, 11:07:19 AM by Baruch »
πŽπŽœπŽœπŽŸπŽŒπŽ€πŽπŽŽπŽ€πŽ€πŽšπŽ€πŽŸπŽπŽœπŽœπŽŸπŽπŽ€πŽπŽ‰πŽ€πŽ€πŽšπŽ€
luu shalmaata luu balt’aata
May you be well, may you be healthy

 

SMF spam blocked by CleanTalk